Pioneer 10 was launched toward Jupiter in 1972. This spacecraft was the first one to fly to Jupiter, Saturn, and beyond. After Pioneer 10 emerged through the asteroid belt, Pioneer 11 was launched on a similar trajectory on April 5, 1973. Both launches used an Atlas/Centaur/TE364-4 launch vehicle.
To explore the interstellar medium beyond Mars
To investigate the asteroid belt and assess hazards for outer planet Missions
To provide in-situ measurements of the Jovian radiation environment and magnetosphere.
To provide in-situ measurements of the distant heliosphere.
The Pioneer Missions were carried out before effective processes for archiving were in place. As a result documentation of the mission is incomplete and some data is missing. A NASA special report
, designed for the general public may fill in some of the missing information.
- Infrared Radiometer
-No data archived
See Pioneer 11 Infrared Radiometer Experiment: A. Ingersoll, et al., Science 2 May 1975
Vol. 188, Issue 4187, pp. 472-473, DOI: 10.1126/science.188.4187.472
- Ultraviolet Photometer Pioneer 10
- Imaging Photopolarimeter No data archived - See Pioneer 10
- Plasma Analyzer Pioneer 10
- Trapped Radiation detector Pioneer 10
- Flux-Gate Magnetometer Pioneer 11
- Helium Vector Magnetometer Pioneer 10
- Charged Particle Instrument Pioneer 10
- Geiger Tube Telescope Pioneer 11
- Cosmic Ray Telescope Pioneer 10
- Asteroid Meteoroid Detector – No data – See publications
- Spacecraft Position Pioneer 10
– A listing of team members to facilitate literature searches.